Who is the hottest holding back the manufacturing

2022-07-23
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Who has held back the "made in China" of manufacturing industry?

in the past 20 years, manufacturing plants in developed countries such as Europe, North America and Japan have been shut down, and their funds and equipment have been rapidly transferred to the third world countries represented by China, India and Vietnam. The purpose is to maximize the use of low-cost operating costs of manufacturing and service industries in Asia and South America to achieve the purpose of reducing enterprise costs. At the same time, Global trade is booming, the volume of container trade is increasing day by day, and the logistics supply chain is extending. While reaching almost every corner of the world, the structure of the supply chain itself becomes more and more complex

at present, most of the global investment, especially the main product of its plastic composite business is the PP mixed material dynamic intensive manufacturing industry used in the automobile market. The investment in production and assembly flow lines and supply chain services are mostly concentrated in China. It can be said that many domestic low-cost labor and low-cost land use rents are the key factors contributing to this phenomenon. Taking the manufacturing industry as an example, China has mastered more than 90% and 60% of the total volume of the global toy industry and clothing industry. In 1997, China exported 10.19 million tons of shirts to the United States and Britain, 71million and 24million respectively; In 2006, China exported 112million shirts to the United States and 34million shirts to the United Kingdom, an increase of 58% and 42% respectively

China's supply chain is overburdened

however, at present, there are still supply chains in China's foreign trade and economic operation mechanism, including garment export trade, which are characterized by longer and longer journey, complex structure, ubiquitous risks, high costs and difficult to stabilize. Whether the trading transactions between Chinese trade enterprises and overseas customers are based on low-cost, stable and reliable supply chain channels, and whether China's foreign trade logistics costs, including sorting and packaging, cross distribution, inventory control and other links, remain high year by year or decline year by year, have become the most concerned topics for people in the industry who care about China's economy, especially the development of China's foreign trade economy. After all, when the power is fixed, it is inversely proportional to the engine speed. As soon as the cost is high, the income will inevitably decline. However, the cost of China's supply chain has undoubtedly become a synonym for high cost: according to the data of British institutions, the cost of a similar shirt exported from Italy to the UK accounts for only 0.2% of the labor cost, while the cost of a shirt exported from China to the UK is equivalent to 8% of the labor cost

take the clothing industry as an example. At present, the total cost of shirts made in China is about 7% higher than that of similar products in Honduras, and also higher than that of similar products in Mexico. As a result, the advantages of shirts made in China in the United States and even in the international market are not prominent. The key problem lies in the high cost of China's supply chain. In addition, the accelerated pace of economic development in Eastern European countries and India has also given China. For example, Romania, which has joined the EU, is expanding investment and actively producing products related to foreign trade and export; Turkey is also actively developing medium and high-end consumer goods such as textiles, clothing, shoes and hats; Old European manufacturing countries such as Spain and Portugal are also expanding the export trade of medium and high-end consumer goods such as textiles, clothing, shoes and hats. There is no doubt that these countries or regions are no less than China in terms of transportation channel infrastructure network functions, marine and land logistics supply chain efficiency and cost advantages. At the same time, India has become a force that cannot be ignored. At present, India's advantages in logistics supply chain opportunities and labor costs are no less than those of China, and even its total product cost is lower than that of its Chinese counterparts. Therefore, in the international market, China is quite vulnerable

Supply chain has become the top priority of enterprise development. Jackwelch, the famous American business genius and President of General Electric, once said that if an enterprise is not competitive in the operation of supply chain, it should not compete at all. Langxianping, a famous economist in China, pointed out that the reality has shown that the logistics supply chain promotes the world, which is a general trend in the 21st century. Today's competition is no longer dominated by the manufacturing industry. Supply chain competition has become the core content of modern enterprise competition. The real competition is not between enterprises, but between supply chains

according to the comprehensive analysis, in the whole supply chain system of a commodity, the non production cost has exceeded 80%. Among them, the logistics cost of commodities accounts for more than 40%, and the time cost accounts for more than 90% of the whole supply chain. However, the high cost of the supply chain has prolonged the turnover period of Chinese products, expanded the operational risk of the supply chain, increased the product cost, reduced the competitiveness of Chinese products in the international market, and fundamentally weakened China's economic growth

informatization improves the level of supply chain

how can we improve our own supply chain level at the fastest speed? Shenguokang, chairman and President of Boke information, the largest logistics supply chain management software supplier in China, believes that informatization of logistics supply chain is the most effective way to quickly improve the level of supply chain

Shen Guokang said that at present, China only has to further reduce the cost of the supply chain, firmly grasp China's supply chain, optimize the operation and management, fight a big turnaround, and fully mobilize all positive factors. Most of all, he said that through this level of Timken OK load, we can use the advantages of the whole process supply chain, so as to turn the passive into the active in the cost of the supply chain, improve the efficiency and quality of the operation and management procedures of the supply chain, and continue to reduce the cost of the supply chain. Only in this way can we more effectively promote the sustainable growth of China's economy. The realization of all this is based on the informatization of supply chain management. Integrating informatization into the whole logistics supply chain system is like building a smooth highway between enterprises and suppliers, distributors and customers. It can reduce the time between each step and reduce the transfer time to nearly zero

logistics supply chain management is not unnecessary for enterprises, but necessary. Just as many people were against the application and popularization of computers in the early 1990s, it is an inevitable trend for such new technologies to be popularized and developed in the future. Sooner or later, you will have to accept this new technology. Why not take the lead and get ahead of the competition? Shenguokang uses such a vivid metaphor to illustrate the necessity of enterprise logistics informatization. He believes that as long as China can do better in supply chain management, reform and opening up will achieve greater achievements

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