It is thought-provoking for China to resume export

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The resumption of export of Chinese straw to Japan is thought-provoking

Huafeng spandex has an existing spandex capacity of 57000 tons. On February 13, the quality inspection department officially announced at the Symposium on the resumption of export of Chinese straw to Japan that Chinese straw, which has been banned for nine months, will resume export to Japan. At the end of January, 41.56 tons of straw from the horse farm of Dalian food group left Dalian port for Japan

Xia Hongmin, director of the Department of animal and plant inspection and Quarantine of the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and Quarantine of the people's Republic of China, said at the symposium that due to the fraud of individual enterprises, China's rice straw export to Japan was stopped for nine months, affecting the export of nearly 150000 tons of rice straw, involving a value of more than 30 million US dollars and an indirect loss of nearly 100 million yuan in related industries. This event reminds us once again that reputation and quality are the lifeline of an enterprise

200 suppliers were "stunned"

in October 1999, China's straw was exported to Japan for the first time. Since then, this young industry has earned more than $40 million in foreign exchange for the country every year. However, just when the rice straw export industry was booming, this promising industry was destroyed due to corporate fraud

on March 28 and April 9, 2002, Japan found a large number of live borers in two batches of straw imported from China in Bodo port. Therefore, it was judged that there were problems in the processing of these two batches of straw supplied by Dalian Jucheng biological feed Co., Ltd. and Dalian Songyuan Xingda forage Co., Ltd. On April 11, the Ministry of agriculture, forestry and Fisheries of Japan issued a communiqu é: the import of straw from China will be suspended until the causes of the problem are found out and effective improvements are made

China's 24 straw fumigation enterprises and 200 suppliers were suddenly "stunned" by this sudden event. A large number of straw shipped to Japan were returned, enterprises were forced to stop production, workers had holidays, and warehousing, transportation, shipping companies and other related service industries also suffered heavy losses. According to Dalian Xuelong agricultural and sideline products industry Co., Ltd., a total of 32 containers of exported straw were returned, with an average loss of $5000 per container

according to the instructions of the General Administration of quality supervision, inspection and Quarantine of the people's Republic of China, Liaoning entry exit inspection and Quarantine Bureau immediately set up a special rectification team to rectify the rice straw production enterprises. After investigation, Dalian Jucheng biological feed Co., Ltd. cheated the export of this batch of unqualified feed straw with a total weight of 14 tons because the computer operator tampered with the automatic temperature record of the computer privately, which "achieved the experimental qualification of stretching, tightening, twists and turns of the experimental machine"; Due to the mechanical failure of the temperature sensing probe of the fumigation boiler, 61.2 tons of unqualified fumigated straw were displayed on the computer in Dalian Songyuan Xingda forage Co., Ltd

in this way, the counterfeiting behavior taken by individual enterprises for self-interest has made a big mistake to the whole industry

the "golden effect" of rice straw export

China is one of the major rice producing countries in the world. Rice straw is the companion of rice, and the production ratio of the two is 1:1, that is, for each ton of rice, 1 ton of rice straw is also produced. In China, except for a small amount of straw used for papermaking and the preparation of straw mats and straw ropes, the main function of piled straw is to burn fire and fertilize the field

however, Japan, which is a close neighbor of China, is a large country in straw demand, with 20million tatami (straw mats) replaced each year alone. Japan's unique beef cattle "heniu" must use straw as feed to produce beef with delicious meat and unique taste. Due to the small area of cultivated land, the straw produced in Japan is far from meeting the needs, and it needs to be imported in large quantities from other countries

for a long time, Japan has refused to import straw from China on the grounds that the quality of straw does not meet the standard. In order to win this huge market, China's inspection and quarantine personnel began to tackle key technical problems for 13 years since 1986. After more than 100 rigorous experiments, they successfully developed straw fumigation technology, and finally broke through Japan's technical barriers. On July 30, 1999, China and Japan reached an agreement to lift the ban on the import of straw from China. After being fumigated with saturated steam, Chinese straw can be exported to Japan with the joint confirmation of Chinese and Japanese quarantine officials

the huge business opportunities soon showed a "golden effect": more than 200 straw suppliers emerged in the three northeastern provinces; 24 straw fumigation processing enterprises have been established in Dalian; On October 23, 1999, the first batch of feed straw and straw products were successfully exported to Japan. 1. Overview

the export price of straw reached more than $200 per ton at the highest, even exceeding the price of rice, and straw became "golden grass". The accompanying transportation, warehousing, shipping agency and other industries also took the opportunity to grow, and nearly 10000 farmers and laid-off and unemployed people found jobs... In this way, the value of straw, which was almost abandoned in the past, doubled and turned into a rolling source of money. By March, 2002, China had exported 550000 tons of straw and earned US $120million in foreign exchange

Although the export gate is open, the losses are difficult to recover.

Liu Jindong, deputy director of the plant inspection and Quarantine Department of Liaoning inspection and Quarantine Bureau, said that it is very difficult to overcome the technical barriers in foreign markets, and it is even more difficult to maintain this market. Because a man-made fraud almost destroyed an increasingly mature market

in order to win the export market of straw again, the national quality inspection department has made arduous efforts. Liaoning inspection and Quarantine Bureau made a decision according to the implementation regulations of China's entry and exit animal and Plant Quarantine Law: to cancel the qualification of Dalian Jucheng biological feed Co., Ltd. to operate rice straw exported to Japan; Dalian Songyuan Xingda forage Co., Ltd. and all straw fumigation enterprises have replaced the temperature sensing probes jointly confirmed by China and Japan; All straw fumigation enterprises will undergo a one month technical rectification to further improve production management measures

at the same time, AQSIQ and Liaoning inspection and Quarantine Bureau maintained close contact and communication with the Ministry of agriculture, forestry and Fisheries of Japan, informed the Japanese side of the situation and improvement measures, and properly handled and answered nearly 100 technical problems concerned by the Japanese side. On this basis, the Japanese side sent experts to visit China in early October 2002. After on-site investigation, they expressed satisfaction with the improvement of straw treatment facilities and management measures in China. On December 11 and 16, the Ministry of agriculture, forestry and Fisheries of Japan successively issued the newly revised animal health requirements for the export of forage straw and forage from the people's Republic of China to Japan and the detailed rules for the implementation of plant quarantine for the import of straw made in the people's Republic of China, which formally solved the problem of resuming the import of Chinese straw in legal procedures. On December 26, Japan officially sent pre inspection officials to China, which led to the resumption of straw export to Japan in January 2003

although the door of straw export market was opened again, the losses of enterprises were difficult to recover at once. At present, the monthly export volume has decreased by an average of 7 compared with the past, but the new national standard has further clarified that enterprises should evaluate the materials, additives and production used by 0%, and enterprises face higher quarantine standards

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