It is urgent to develop the domestic market of pho

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It is urgent to develop the domestic market of photovoltaic industry

after recent years of development, China's photovoltaic industry has jumped to the world's largest photovoltaic industry manufacturing base, with production capacity accounting for more than half of the world. However, due to the heavy dependence of the photovoltaic industry on foreign markets, the export proportion is even as high as 90%, and half of the raw materials are from abroad, which has brought unstable factors to the healthy development of the whole industry. Insiders pointed out that it is urgent to develop the domestic application market of photovoltaic industry

China has become the world's largest manufacturing base of photovoltaic industry

it was learned from the Binhai opportunity - China photovoltaic industry development forum held in Tianjin not long ago that China's photovoltaic industry has shown a trend of rapid development since 2002, with an average annual growth rate of 30%. In the past five years, the annual output of domestic solar cells has increased from 139 MW to nearly 4000 MW

Wang Bohua, a department level inspector of the Ministry of industry and information technology, said: China has become the world's largest photovoltaic industry manufacturing base, and 10 of the world's 15 largest solar cell production enterprises with reduced production costs come from China

at present, the development of domestic photovoltaic industry has shown three characteristics: first, on the basis of introducing foreign advanced technology, actively take the road of independent innovation, make full use of foreign market elements, and integrate industrial development into the international market tide

polysilicon materials and manufacturing equipment, China used to rely entirely on imports. However, China's photovoltaic industry has gradually formed a relatively complete industrial chain through the introduction of international technology and talents. The localization rate of manufacturing equipment has exceeded 50%, and has reached the forefront of the world in the quality and technical level of solar cells

at the same time, the increasingly mature domestic photovoltaic industry makes full use of the two market elements of foreign capital and talents to expand the overseas market. Some enterprises also set up factories overseas, laying the foundation for the international operation of the industry. 9. If possible,

Second, accelerate industry integration and form a collaborative development industrial chain, so as to realize the continuous expansion of industrial scale and the continuous reduction of production costs

domestic photovoltaic enterprises firmly grasp the historical opportunity of western countries to develop green energy and the low threshold of industrial growth, quickly break through the bottleneck of material, market and talent development, and open up the whole industrial chain in just a few years, forming a complete industrial chain from high-purity silicon raw materials, ingots, chips, battery packaging and system integration in the next one or two months. The industrial scale is growing rapidly, and the overall cost of the industrial chain is greatly reduced. The decline in the cost of domestic solar cells also highlights the advantages of products in international competition

third, industrial development presents regionalization and clustering, and industrial chain complementarity and economic cooperation are formed between adjacent enterprises, so that industrial competitiveness can be improved as a whole

in terms of the distribution area of photovoltaic enterprises, there are many industrial belts, such as Jiangsu suxichang, Tianjin Binhai New Area, Hebei Xingtai Baoding, Jiangxi Xinyu, Sichuan Leshan Chengdu, etc

the development of photovoltaic industry is restricted at both ends.

as a major global producer, more than 90% of photovoltaic products produced in China will be exported to Europe and the United States. Although the total amount of products accounts for half of the international market, the development prospect of photovoltaic industry in China is not optimistic, especially in the production and application of raw materials, which is relatively lagging behind

Shi Dinghuan, director of China Renewable Energy Association, said: at present, the domestic photovoltaic industry is basically two ends away from home, and the main raw materials and markets depend on overseas markets. On the one hand, 90% of domestic photovoltaic products are exported, while more than 50% of polysilicon and other important raw materials depend on imports; On the other hand, the total installed capacity of domestic photovoltaic power generation is only 1% of the total installed capacity of the world, which is far from the strong capacity of the domestic photovoltaic industry

products rely heavily on exports, which will make industrial development overly dependent on overseas. Any change in the international market will directly affect the healthy development of the entire industrial chain; At the same time, foreign demand-oriented product production will disconnect it from domestic market demand

raw materials are controlled by others, which will bring unstable factors to industrial development. Take high-purity polysilicon as an example. The raw materials have long been monopolized by companies in the United States, Germany and Japan, and the purchase price is also restricted by the other party. The above three countries earn three to four times as much profit every year

in fact, China does not need photovoltaic energy. China has a desert area of about 1.08 million square kilometers. If 100 MW photovoltaic arrays can be installed in an area of 1 square kilometer, it can generate 1% of electricity every year 500 million degrees. Only 1% of deserts can be developed and utilized, which is equivalent to the power consumption of China in 2003. The large-scale use of photovoltaic power generation technology will alleviate China's increasingly tense energy supply and become the driving force of China's future sustainable economic development

promote the development of photovoltaic industry from three aspects

in order to promote the development of China's photovoltaic industry to truly achieve self-reliance, so as to contribute to the construction of domestic low-carbon and new energy, industry insiders suggest to promote the development of photovoltaic industry from three aspects:

first, relevant government departments should increase policy support in the early stage of the development of photovoltaic industry, promote photovoltaic power generation into the civil field, and make parity possible

Shi Dinghuan believes that among all kinds of renewable energy, solar energy is the most stable and the consumption of natural resources is the lowest. In the long run, the lack of domestic market will eventually limit the development of China's photovoltaic industry. The photovoltaic industry is investing in technology research and development to prepare for future domestic applications, but there must be stable policies to ensure that these investments can obtain corresponding returns

at present, the cost of domestic photovoltaic power generation is still more than 1 yuan, and its economy is still difficult to reflect. The government adopts financial subsidies to strengthen the implementation of the golden sun and solar photovoltaic building application demonstration projects, which will be conducive to the development of the domestic photovoltaic market in the next two years

second, formulate unified standards for the domestic photovoltaic industry as soon as possible, further standardize the market order, and assist enterprises to actively participate in international competition

at present, there is no unified national industry standard and testing institution for the photovoltaic industry in China. Foreign photovoltaic products entering the Chinese market do not need to be monitored by any institution, but China's photovoltaic products entering the European and American markets need to undergo strict monitoring and obtain certification qualifications, resulting in a significant reduction in the international competitiveness of China's photovoltaic products

Zhao Yuwen, director of the photovoltaic special committee of China Renewable Energy Society, believes that certification is not only to regulate the industry, but also to protect the domestic fair market competition environment

third, photovoltaic enterprises should strengthen technological innovation, improve the level of core competition, and realize the double return of product selling points and cost advantages. Write down the value F1; When P increases to 10kN,

in the past 10 years, there are only 15 to 20 photovoltaic enterprises rising in the United States, but each has its own unique technology. With the continuous reduction of the technological threshold of the photovoltaic industry in China, hundreds of photovoltaic enterprises have flocked to it. However, due to the fact that most of them are concentrated in the packaging links with the lowest threshold of the industrial chain, the phenomenon of repeated construction is prominent, and enterprises generally lack core competitiveness. They are prone to be affected by external factors such as raw materials and market prices, and their ability to resist risks is poor

insiders call on domestic photovoltaic enterprises to focus on the core level of technology with the highest profit, build a dynamic industrial innovation system, pay attention to the effective innovation of products, technology, talents, operation and financing, and strengthen technical exchanges and cooperation among enterprises to ensure the sustainable development of China's photovoltaic industry

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